Ling Shi

Dr. Ling Shi

Professor Emerita

Research and teaching areas:

Bilingual/multilingual education

Critical Intercultural Studies

English as an additional language


Instructional approaches

International issues/perspectives

Language Assessment

Second language reading and writing


Selected Publications

Lin, R., & Shi, L. (2021) Translingual identity and professional legitimacy of two Western-education English writing instructors in Taiwan. Journal of Language, Identity and Education.

Shi, L. (2021) Professors’ views of content transformation in students’ paraphrasing. Journal of Response to Writing, 7 (2), 112-144. Available at:

Barkaoui, K., Shi, L., & Riazi, M. (2020) “Follow Your Interests Because Those Will Motivate You to Excel”: An Interview with Alister Cumming. Language Assessment Quarterly, 1-20. doi:10.1080/15434303.2020.1846190

Riazi, M., Shi, L., & Haggerty, J. (2018) Analysis of the empirical research in the Journal of Second Language Writing at its 25th year (1992-2016). Journal of Second Language Writing, 41, 41-54. Doi:

Shi, L., Fazel, I. & Kowkabi, N. (2018). Paraphrasing to transform knowledge in advanced graduate student writing. English for Specific Purposes, 51, 31-44. doi:

Shi, L. & Dong, Y. (2018). Chinese graduate students paraphrasing in L1 and L2 contexts. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 34, 46-56. doi:

Shi, L. (2017). Two expatriate English instructors in China: Their experiences and perspectives of local students and teachers. Canadian Modern Language Review, 73, 1–23.

Keefe, K. & Shi, L. (2017). An EAP program and students’ success at a Canadian university. TESL Canada Journal 34 (2), 1-24. doi:

Shi, L., & Lin, R. (2016). Teaching English as a global language in the age of neoliberalism: A case study of an expat English instructor in China. In S. Guo, & G. Yan (Eds.) Spotlight on China: Chinese education in the globalized world (pp. 169–186). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Shi, L. (2016). Textual appropriation in two discipline specific writing tasks. Writing and Pedagogy, 8(1), 91–116.

Fazel, I., & Shi, L. (2015). Citation patterns and practices in grant proposals of graduate students. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 20, 203–214.

Shi, L., & Dong, Y. (2015). Graduate writing assignments across faculties in a Canadian University. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 45(3), 123–142.

Shi, L., & Yang, L. (2014). A community of practice of teaching English argumentative writing in a Chinese university. System, 42, 133-142.

He, L., & Shi, L. (2012). Topical knowledge and ESL writing. Language Testing, 29, 443-446.

Shi, L. (2012). Originality of expressions and formal citation practices. Writing and Pedagogy, 4, 43-67

Shi, L. (2012). Rewriting and paraphrasing source texts in second language writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 21, 134-148.

Polio., & Shi, L. (2012). Perceptions and beliefs about textual appropriation and source use in second language writing. Journal of Second Language Writing 21, 95-101.

Shi, L. (2011). Common knowledge, learning and citation practices in university writing. Research in the Teaching of English, 45, 308-333.

Shi, L. (2010). Textual appropriation and citing behaviors of university undergraduates. Applied Linguistics, 31, 1-24.

Shi, L. (2009). Chinese-Western “contact zone”: Student resistance and teacher adaption to local needs. TESL Canada Journal, 27, 47-63.

He, L., & Shi, L. (2008). ESL students’ perceptions and experiences of standardized English writing tests. Assessing writing, 13, 130-149.

Guardado, M., & Shi, L. (2007). ESL students’ experiences of online peer feedback. Computer and Composition, 24, 444-462.

Shi, L., & Kobuta, R. (2007). Patterns of rhetorical organization in Canadian and American Language arts textbooks: An exploratory study. English for Specific Purposes, 26, 180-202.

Shi, L. (2006). Cultural backgrounds and textual appropriation. Language Awareness, 15, 264-282.

Shi, L., Wang, W., & Xu, J. (2005). Publication culture of foreign language education journals in China. TESOL Quarterly, 39, 765-776.

Kobuta, R., & Shi, L. (2005). Instruction and reading samples for opinion and argumentative writing in L1 junior high school textbooks in China and Japan. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 15, 97-127.

Shi, L. (2004). Textual borrowing in second language writing. Written Communication, 21, 171-200.

Yang, L., & Shi, L. (2003). Exploring six MBA students’ summary writing by introspection. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 165-192.

Shi, L. (2003). Writing in two cultures: Chinese professors return from the West. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 59, 369-391.

Shi, L., & Becket, G. (2002). Japanese exchange students’ writing experiences in a Canadian University. TESL Canada Journal, 20, 38-56.

Shi, L. (2002). How western-trained Chinese TESOL professionals publish in their home environment. TESOL Quarterly, 36, 625-634.

Shi, L. (2001). Native and nonnative speaking EFL teachers’ evaluation of Chinese students’ English writing. Language Testing, 18, 303-325.

Shi, L., Corcos, R., & Storey, A. (2001). Using students’ performance data to develop an English course for clinical training. English for Specific Purposes, 20, 207-231.

Shi, L. (1998). Effects of prewriting discussions on adult ESL students’ compositions. Journal of Second Language Writing, 7, 319-345.

Shi, L. (1998). Negotiated interaction in teacher-led versus peer group adult ESL discussions. TESL Canada Journal, 16, 54-74.

Shi, L., & Cumming, A. (1995). Teachers’ conceptions of second-language writing instruction: Five case studies. Journal of Second Language Writing, 4, 87-111.